Yes, you can! However, you are now required to first link the credit card or PayPal to your Google account, and select this to be your preferred method of payment on your Google Play account. Depending on which method you select this will manage all your Bumble app purchases. If you would like to still pay with a credit card or PayPal without linking them with your Google account, you should use Bumble Web instead.
This change was made to align with the new Google Payment Policy and Bumble needs to meet these requirements.